NATURAL CONDITIONS
01/04/2013 | 03:23:00

 

I. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:

Ninh Binh is a province located in the southernmost northern delta, 190 50 'to 200 27' north latitude, 105032 'to 106027' east longitude. Tam Diep Mountain Range runs from the Northwest - Southeast, making it a natural boundary between the two provinces of Ninh Binh and Thanh Hoa. East and northeast is surrounded by river, bordering the two provinces of Ha Nam and Nam Dinh, Hoa Binh Province on the north, the south China Sea. Highway 1A, Highway 10 and north-south railway running through the province.
Ninh Binh city
II. TOPOGRAPHY
Ninh Binh terrain has 3 distinct areas:
* Delta
Include: City Ninh Binh, Yen Khanh district, Kim Son district and the remaining area of ​​the other districts in the province, the area is about 101 thousand ha, accounting for 71.1% of natural area in the province, where the focus The most populous province, accounting for about 90% of the province's population. Average height of the region from 0.9 ÷ 1.2 m, the land is mainly alluvial and not be paid compensation. Development potential of the region is agriculture: rice, vegetables, industrial crops short. Mechanical engineering industry is ship repair, ship, food processing, food, textile, apparel, commercial services, development of river ports.

* The sale of mountain and hills
This area is located west and southwest of the province, including the southwest area Nho Quan district and Tam Diep, Gia Vien district west, southwest and southwest districts of Hoa Lu Yen Mo district. This whole area of ​​35,000 ha, accounting for 24% natural area of ​​the province. The average height from 90-120m. Especially rocky areas with elevations above 200m.

Trang An tourism

This focus area to 90% of the area hills and forests of the province, which is very convenient to develop industries such as construction material production, sugar production, wood processing, processing fruits, tourism, cattle ranching (cattle, goats), fruit trees (pineapple, lug, na), long-term industrial crops like tea, coffee and forestry.

 * Coastal regions
Ninh Binh has over 15km of coastline. This region of the area's four coastal districts of Kim Son commune are: Kim Trung Hai Kim, Dong Kim, Kim Tan, an area of ​​about 6,000 ha, accounting for 4.2% of natural area in the province. Land salinity here much longer because it is new and deposition during the renovation, so mainly suitable for planting protective forests (tiger, parrot), planting rush, and planted a crop of marine aquaculture production.

III. CLIMATE:
Ninh Binh has a tropical monsoon climate. The weather Annual divided into four distinct seasons are spring, summer, autumn and winter. The average annual temperature of about 230c. Number of hours of sunshine in an average year over 1100 hours. Average rainfall per year to reach 1.800mm.

IV.GIAO INFORMATION:
Ninh Binh is an important point of intersection from the north to Central and South.

- Road: The province has National Highway 1A, Highway 10, Highway 12A, 12B, 59A.
- Railway: The north-south railway line running through the province of length 19 km with 4 stations (Ninh Binh, Cau Yen, and Dong Giao Ghenh) convenience in transporting passengers, cargo and construction materials . .
- Waterway: Ninh Binh Province waterway system is very convenient because there are many large rivers such as River Day, Hoang Long River, the river should be, Vac River, River Van Lang River. There are also major ports such as Port of Ninh Phuc port in Ninh Binh, Kim Son, a significant contribution to socio-economic development of the province.
V. Rivers and HYDROGRAPHY:
River system in Ninh Binh river system include, Hoang Long River, Boi River, Indian River, River Vac, Lang River, Van Sang rivers, with a total length of 496km, are widely distributed throughout the province. The average density of 0.5 km/km2 river, the river flows generally northwest - southeast to the sea east.

VI. RESOURCES

1. Land resources
The total natural land area of ​​the province is 1390 km2 with alluvial soils, land Feralitic.
Water resources: water resources including surface and underground water resources
- Surface water resources: abundant, convenient for irrigation, agricultural development and transportation services water transportation. Ninh Binh has a density of river systems and streams at an average total length of over 496km of rivers, occupying 3.401ha, km/km2 density reached 0.5. Besides, the province has 21 large reservoirs, 1.270ha area, with a capacity of 14.5 million m3, the capacity to irrigate 4438 ha.
- Underground water sources: groundwater mainly in Ninh Binh Nho Quan district and Tam Diep town. Total volume of groundwater Ria (Nho Quan) reached 361.391m3/ngay. 112.183m3/ngay Three Gorges area.

3. Forest resources.
Compared to the Red River Delta provinces, Ninh Binh province is the largest forest area with approximately 19.033ha, accounting for 23.5% of the forest area, accounting for 13.3% of natural area in the province.
Natural forests: The total area is 13,633.2 hectares, 1.1 million m3 of timber reserves, concentrated mainly in Nho Quan district.
Cuc Phuong forest primeval tropical forest type typical plant and animal diversity and abundance.
Plantation: land area 5.387ha, concentrated in Nho Quan district, Hoa Lu Kim Son, Tam Diep town, with the plant are mainly pine, acacia, eucalyptus, mangrove trees (macaws and reeds) .
4. Marine Resources
Ninh Binh coastline on the 15km long with thousands of hectares of alluvial land. This is the biggest shop window, there are quite a depth, to ensure large ships, thousands of tons of payload into convenient place.
Ninh Binh waters have the potential to aquaculture, mining and fishing of marine resources with output from 2000 ÷ 2.500tan/nam.

5. Mineral Resources:
- Limestone Resources:
Limestone is the major mineral resources of Ninh Binh. With the relatively large limestone mountains, running from the Peace, in the northwest - southeast, through Nho Quan, Gia Vien, Hoa Lu, Tam Diep town, Yen Mo, as far as the East Sea, 40 km long, 1.2000ha area on the reserve of tens of billions of cubic meters of limestone and dolomite tens of millions of tons. This is a great resource for cement and building materials and some chemicals.
- Clay Resources:
Scattered in the low hills of Yen Son Commune, Yen Binh (Tam Diep town), Gia Vien, Yen Mo, used for brick production and casting materials industry.

- Mineral Water Resources:
    Ninh Binh mineral water quality, mainly in Cuc Phuong (Nho Quan) and Canal Chicken (Gia Vien) can be exploited for tourism activities and large reserves. Chicken Channel special mineral water salinity, temperature regularly at 53 ÷ 540C. Cuc Phuong Mineral Water with a high Magiebicarbonat and use of beverage preparation and treatment.
- Peat Resources:
   Small reserves, over 2 million tons, distributed in Gia Son commune, Son Ha (Nho Quan), For Guang Shan (Tam Diep town), can be used to produce fertilizer, agricultural service business.

VII. POPULATION OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT

- The population size in 2009 was nearly 900 thousand people. Compared with the population of the Red River Delta region, the population of Ninh Binh province accounted for 5.6% and 1.2% in the national population. Population density of the province (about 675 persons/km2) lower than the average density of the region, less than 1 million people expected by 2020 and is located in the "golden era of population", is no small advantage to provide workforce, ease of management and greater pressure for economic development.

- Human resource fairly on both quantity and quality are at the beginning of the workforce in 2008 to account for 51.2% of the population (about 480.3 thousand people). Ninh Binh is the unemployment rate of urban unemployment is quite low (3.7%), quality of human resources is considered rather than the Red River Delta as well as nationwide. Therefore, this is a very favorable factor for economic development, especially for sectors handicrafts and light industrial use more labor.

 VIII. POTENTIAL-CULTURAL TOURISM

1. Tourism in the province is relatively abundant and diverse as: Mountains, lakes and forests with cultural relics, historical places, famous landscapes such as Tam Coc-Bich Dong, Cuc Phuong national forests, parks conservation of natural wetlands Van Long, Phat Diem Cathedral ... Most recently the population Trang An eco-tourism and spiritual tourism Bai Dinh Pagoda (pagoda in Vietnam.)
Ninh Binh has been completed dossiers of UNESCO:

- The historic capital of Hoa Lu ancient cultures: a World Cultural Heritage.

- Trang An cave area: a world natural heritage.
2. Culture:
- Ninh Binh lies in the interference between regions: Northwest, Red River Delta and North Central, is influenced by the culture of Hoa Binh and Dong Son culture. With features that have created a culture of relative diversity characterized differently than the Red River Delta provinces.

- The largest festival in Ninh Binh: the traditional festival of Hoa Lu ancient capital, Thai Vi Temple Festival, Bai Dinh Pagoda festival; newspaper The festival ...

- Speaking of the culinary culture of Ninh Binh is famous dishes: goat Ancient Reconstruction, elderberry Mai Huong, perch General School, snails stuffed Gia Vien, Yen Mac nem ...

 
Ninhbinh.gov.vn